X-ray radiation properties of plasma under interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with ∼ 1022 W/cm2 intensities

S. A. Pikuz, A. Ya Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu Skobelev, M. A. Alkhimova, A. S. Martynenko, H. Sakaki, M. Nishiuchi, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Sagisaka, N. P. Dover, Ko Kondo, K. Ogura, Y. Fukuda, H. Kiriyama, M. Kando, Y. Sentoku, M. Hata, A. Zigler, K. NishitaniT. Miyahara, Y. Watanabe, R. Kodama, K. Kondo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Study of radiation properties of solid dense plasma irradiated by ultraintense lasers has a great interest both from fundamental physics and different application point of views. Recently upgraded petawatt J-KAREN-P laser together with precise focusing technique delivers 35 fs laser pulses of 1022 W/cm2 intensity into a micron-size focal spot on target. For such unprecedented intensities the application of high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy allows to investigate the ionization mechanisms and to measure the parameters of relativistic plasma from front and rear sides of moderate (Al) and high Z (Ti, Fe,) thin foil targets. Kinetic modeling of the spectra is used to estimate electron plasma density and temperature, demonstrating Te ∼2 keV for Ne ∼5e22 cm-3 in the hottest emission region. Thus, it is experimentally demonstrated for the first time that the laser pulse of over 1e21 W/cm2 intensity is absorbed neither in the solid density plasma nor in a pre-plasma of a common critical density, but in the matter of so called relativistic critical density. It is revealed how even small displacement of the target out of the optimal laser focus, as well the decrease in temporal contrast of the laser pulse, strongly reduce both the intensity of X-ray radiation and degree of plasma ionization. 2D PIC code simulations of femtosecond laser interaction with various materials are provided and compared with experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - International Conference Laser Optics 2018, ICLO 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)9781538636121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 13 2018
Event2018 International Conference Laser Optics, ICLO 2018 - St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: Jun 4 2018Jun 8 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference Laser Optics 2018, ICLO 2018

Conference

Conference2018 International Conference Laser Optics, ICLO 2018
CountryRussian Federation
CitySt. Petersburg
Period6/4/186/8/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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    Pikuz, S. A., Faenov, A. Y., Pikuz, T. A., Skobelev, I. Y., Alkhimova, M. A., Martynenko, A. S., Sakaki, H., Nishiuchi, M., Pirozhkov, A. S., Sagisaka, A., Dover, N. P., Kondo, K., Ogura, K., Fukuda, Y., Kiriyama, H., Kando, M., Sentoku, Y., Hata, M., Zigler, A., ... Kondo, K. (2018). X-ray radiation properties of plasma under interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with ∼ 1022 W/cm2 intensities. In Proceedings - International Conference Laser Optics 2018, ICLO 2018 [8435524] (Proceedings - International Conference Laser Optics 2018, ICLO 2018). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/LO.2018.8435524