研究成果 1986 2019

2019

A fluid liquid crystal with ferroelectric-like order

Nishikawa, H., Shiroshita, K., Higuchi, H., Okumura, Y., Haseba, Y., Yamamoto, S. I., Sago, K. & Kikuchi, H., 1 1 2019, Emerging Liquid Crystal Technologies XIV. Chien, L-C., Broer, D. J., Musevic, I. & Lee, B. (版). SPIE, 1094106. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; 巻数 10941).

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献会議での発言

Liquid Crystals
Harmonic generation
Liquid Crystal
Liquid crystals
Ferroelectric materials

Controlling Bi-Provoked Nanostructure Formation in GaAs/GaAsBi Core-Shell Nanowires

Matsuda, T., Takada, K., Yano, K., Tsutsumi, R., Yoshikawa, K., Shimomura, S., Shimizu, Y., Nagashima, K., Yanagida, T. & Ishikawa, F., 12 11 2019, : : Nano Letters. 19, 12, p. 8510-8518 9 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Nanowires
Nanostructures
nanowires
catalysts
Catalysts
1 引用 (Scopus)

Decreasing the operating voltage of a polymer-stabilized blue phase based on intermolecular affinity

Yoshizawa, D., Okumura, Y., Yamamoto, J. & Kikuchi, H., 7 1 2019, : : Polymer Journal. 51, 7, p. 667-673 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Polymers
Electric potential
Doping (additives)
Liquid crystals
Isosorbide

Dendrimer-templated synthesis and characterization of tin oxide quantum dots deposited on a silica glass substrate

Inomata, Y., Albrecht, K., Haruta, N. & Yamamoto, K., 10 22 2019, : : Chemistry of Materials. 31, 20, p. 8373-8382 10 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Dendrimers
Fused silica
Tin oxides
Semiconductor quantum dots
Substrates
4 引用 (Scopus)

Discrimination of VOCs molecules via extracting concealed features from a temperature-modulated p-type NiO sensor

Liu, H., He, Y., Nagashima, K., Meng, G., Dai, T., Tong, B., Deng, Z., Wang, S., Zhu, N., Yanagida, T. & Fang, X., 8 15 2019, : : Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical. 293, p. 342-349 8 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Volatile Organic Compounds
volatile organic compounds
Volatile organic compounds
discrimination
Molecules
1 引用 (Scopus)

Engineering Nanowire-Mediated Cell Lysis for Microbial Cell Identification

Yasui, T., Yanagida, T., Shimada, T., Otsuka, K., Takeuchi, M., Nagashima, K., Rahong, S., Naito, T., Takeshita, D., Yonese, A., Magofuku, R., Zhu, Z., Kaji, N., Kanai, M., Kawai, T. & Baba, Y., 1 1 2019, : : ACS nano.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Nanowires
nanowires
engineering
cells
Cell membranes

Growth Kinetics and Magnetic Property of Single-Crystal Fe Nanowires Grown via Vapor-Solid Mechanism Using Chemically Synthesized FeO Nanoparticle Catalysts

Yanase, T., Ogihara, U., Awashima, Y., Yanagida, T., Nagashima, K., Nagahama, T. & Shimada, T., 12 4 2019, : : Crystal Growth and Design. 19, 12, p. 7257-7263 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Growth kinetics
Nanowires
Magnetic properties
nanowires
Vapors

Inkjet printing of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) dendrimer for OLEDs applications

C, A., Luszczynska, B., Szymanski, M. Z., Ulanski, J., Albrecht, K. & Yamamoto, K., 11 2019, : : Organic Electronics. 74, p. 218-227 10 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Dendrimers
dendrimers
Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
printing
Printing
1 引用 (Scopus)

Low-Power and ppm-Level Detection of Gas Molecules by Integrated Metal Nanosheets

Tanaka, T., Tabuchi, K., Tatehora, K., Shiiki, Y., Nakagawa, S., Takahashi, T., Shimizu, R., Ishikuro, H., Kuroda, T., Yanagida, T. & Uchida, K., 6 2019, 2019 Symposium on VLSI Technology, VLSI Technology 2019 - Digest of Technical Papers. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. T158-T159 8776552. (Digest of Technical Papers - Symposium on VLSI Technology; 巻数 2019-June).

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献会議での発言

Nanosheets
Molecules
Sensors
Metals
Gases

Low-Power and ppm-Level Detection of Gas Molecules by Integrated Metal Nanosheets

Tanaka, T., Tabuchi, K., Tatehora, K., Shiiki, Y., Nakagawa, S., Takahashi, T., Shimizu, R., Ishikuro, H., Kuroda, T., Yanagida, T. & Uchida, K., 6 2019, 2019 Symposium on VLSI Circuits, VLSI Circuits 2019 - Digest of Technical Papers. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. T158-T159 8778016. (IEEE Symposium on VLSI Circuits, Digest of Technical Papers; 巻数 2019-June).

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献会議での発言

Nanosheets
Gases
Metals
Molecules
Sensors

Low-Power and ppm-Level Multimolecule Detection by Integration of Self-Heated Metal Nanosheet Sensors

Tanaka, T., Yanagida, T., Uchida, K., Tabuchi, K., Tatehora, K., Shiiki, Y., Nakagawa, S., Takahashi, T., Shimizu, R., Ishikuro, H. & Kuroda, T., 12 2019, : : IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. 66, 12, p. 5393-5398 6 p., 8887245.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Nanosheets
Metals
Sensors
Electric power utilization
Heating
2 引用 (Scopus)

Mechanical properties of nanoporous gold subjected to tensile stresses in real-time, sub-microscopic scale

Stuckner, J. & Murayama, M., 9 30 2019, : : Journal of Materials Science. 54, 18, p. 12106-12115 10 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Ligaments
Tensile stress
Gold
Mechanical properties
Metals
1 引用 (Scopus)

Mn(II) oxidation catalyzed by nanohematite surfaces and manganite/hausmannite core-shell nanowire formation by self-catalytic reaction

Inoué, S., Yasuhara, A., Ai, H., Hochella, M. F. & Murayama, M., 8 1 2019, : : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 258, p. 79-96 18 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Nanowires
shell
hematite
oxidation
Oxidation

Nanosphere formation of π-conjugated dendrimers by simple precipitation method

Albrecht, K., Minagawa, K., Nakajima, S., Kushida, S., Yamamoto, Y., Kuzume, A. & Yamamoto, K., 1 1 2019, : : Chemistry Letters. 48, 10, p. 1240-1243 4 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Dendrimers
Nanospheres
Whispering gallery modes
Photoluminescence
Casting
35 引用 (Scopus)

Natural, incidental, and engineered nanomaterials and their impacts on the Earth system

Hochella, M. F., Mogk, D. W., Ranville, J., Allen, I. C., Luther, G. W., Marr, L. C., McGrail, B. P., Murayama, M., Qafoku, N. P., Rosso, K. M., Sahai, N., Schroeder, P. A., Vikesland, P., Westerhoff, P. & Yang, Y., 1 1 2019, : : Science. 363, 6434, 8299.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

公開
Nanostructures
Planets
Environmental Health
Human Activities
3 引用 (Scopus)

Paper-Based Disposable Molecular Sensor Constructed from Oxide Nanowires, Cellulose Nanofibers, and Pencil-Drawn Electrodes

Koga, H., Nagashima, K., Huang, Y., Zhang, G., Wang, C., Takahashi, T., Inoue, A., Yan, H., Kanai, M., He, Y., Uetani, K., Nogi, M. & Yanagida, T., 4 24 2019, : : ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 11, 16, p. 15044-15050 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Nanofibers
Cellulose
Oxides
Nanowires
Electrodes

Peptide screening from a phage display library for benzaldehyde recognition

Tanaka, M., Minamide, T., Takahashi, Y., Hanai, Y., Yanagida, T. & Okochi, M., 1 1 2019, : : Chemistry Letters. 48, 8, p. 978-981 4 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Bacteriophages
Screening
Display devices
Peptides
Volatile Organic Compounds
1 引用 (Scopus)

Post-synthetic Modification of Metal-Organic Framework through Urethane Formation

Anan, S., Kokado, K. & Sada, K., 1 1 2019, : : Chemistry Letters. 48, 3, p. 285-287 3 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Cyanates
Isocyanates
Urethane
Amines
Metals
3 引用 (Scopus)

Rational Method of Monitoring Molecular Transformations on Metal-Oxide Nanowire Surfaces

Wang, C., Hosomi, T., Nagashima, K., Takahashi, T., Zhang, G., Kanai, M., Zeng, H., Mizukami, W., Shioya, N., Shimoaka, T., Tamaoka, T., Yoshida, H., Takeda, S., Yasui, T., Baba, Y., Aoki, Y., Terao, J., Hasegawa, T. & Yanagida, T., 4 10 2019, : : Nano Letters. 19, 4, p. 2443-2449 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Oxides
Nanowires
metal oxides
nanowires
Metals

Redox-Inactive CO2 Determines Atmospheric Stability of Electrical Properties of ZnO Nanowire Devices through a Roomerature Surface Reaction

Nakamura, K., Takahashi, T., Hosomi, T., Seki, T., Kanai, M., Zhang, G., Nagashima, K., Shibata, N. & Yanagida, T., 1 1 2019, : : ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 11, 43, p. 40260-40266 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Surface reactions
Nanowires
Electric properties
Oxides
Air
Cholesteric liquid crystals
Molecular structure
Doping (additives)
Chirality
Liquid Crystals
2 引用 (Scopus)

Substantial Narrowing on the Width of “Concentration Window” of Hydrothermal ZnO Nanowires via Ammonia Addition

Sakai, D., Nagashima, K., Yoshida, H., Kanai, M., He, Y., Zhang, G., Zhao, X., Takahashi, T., Yasui, T., Hosomi, T., Uchida, Y., Takeda, S., Baba, Y. & Yanagida, T., 12 1 2019, : : Scientific reports. 9, 1, 14160.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

公開
Nanowires
Ammonia
Crystallization
Zinc
Growth

Synthesis of Monodispersedly Sized ZnO Nanowires from Randomly Sized Seeds

Zhao, X., Nagashima, K., Zhang, G., Hosomi, T., Yoshida, H., Akihiro, Y., Kanai, M., Mizukami, W., Zhu, Z., Takahashi, T., Suzuki, M., Samransuksamer, B., Meng, G., Yasui, T., Aoki, Y., Baba, Y. & Yanagida, T., 1 1 2019, (受理済み/印刷中) : : Nano Letters.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide
zinc oxides
Nanowires
Seed
1 引用 (Scopus)

Unusual Oxygen Partial Pressure Dependence of Electrical Transport of Single-Crystalline Metal Oxide Nanowires Grown by the Vapor-Liquid-Solid Process

Anzai, H., Takahashi, T., Suzuki, M., Kanai, M., Zhang, G., Hosomi, T., Seki, T., Nagashima, K., Shibata, N. & Yanagida, T., 3 13 2019, : : Nano Letters. 19, 3, p. 1675-1681 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Partial pressure
pressure dependence
Oxides
Nanowires
partial pressure
1 引用 (Scopus)

Water-Organic Cosolvent Effect on Nucleation of Solution-Synthesized ZnO Nanowires

Akihiro, Y., Nagashima, K., Hosomi, T., Kanai, M., Anzai, H., Takahashi, T., Zhang, G., Yasui, T., Baba, Y. & Yanagida, T., 5 8 2019, : : ACS Omega. 4, 5, p. 8299-8304 6 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

公開
Crystallization
Crystal growth
tert-Butyl Alcohol
Nanowires
Nucleation
2018
8 引用 (Scopus)

A fluorescent microporous crystalline dendrimer discriminates vapour molecules

Nakajima, S., Albrecht, K., Kushida, S., Nishibori, E., Kitao, T., Uemura, T., Yamamoto, K., Bunz, U. H. F. & Yamamoto, Y., 1 1 2018, : : Chemical Communications. 54, 20, p. 2534-2537 4 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

公開
Dendrimers
Vapors
Crystalline materials
Molecules
Photoluminescence
6 引用 (Scopus)

Anisotropic convergence of dendritic macromolecules facilitated by a heteroleptic metal-organic polyhedron scaffold

Omoto, K., Hosono, N., Gochomori, M., Albrecht, K., Yamamoto, K. & Kitagawa, S., 1 1 2018, : : Chemical Communications. 54, 41, p. 5209-5212 4 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Dendrimers
Macromolecules
Scaffolds
Metals
X ray analysis
4 引用 (Scopus)

A real-time simultaneous measurement on a microfluidic device for individual bacteria discrimination

Yasaki, H., Yasui, T., Yanagida, T., Kaji, N., Kanai, M., Nagashima, K., Kawai, T. & Baba, Y., 5 1 2018, : : Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical. 260, p. 746-752 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

microfluidic devices
Microfluidics
bacteria
discrimination
Bacteria
1 引用 (Scopus)

Biomolecular recognition on nanowire surfaces modified by the self-assembled monolayer

Shimada, T., Yasui, T., Yokoyama, A., Goda, T., Hara, M., Yanagida, T., Kaji, N., Kanai, M., Nagashima, K., Miyahara, Y., Kawai, T. & Baba, Y., 1 1 2018, : : Lab on a Chip. 18, 21, p. 3225-3229 5 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Nanowires
Self assembled monolayers
Molecular recognition
Biosensing Techniques
Proteins
1 引用 (Scopus)

Construction of artificial cilia from microtubules and kinesins through a well-designed bottom-up approach

Sasaki, R., Kabir, A. M. R., Inoue, D., Anan, S., Kimura, A. P., Konagaya, A., Sada, K. & Kakugo, A., 4 14 2018, : : Nanoscale. 10, 14, p. 6323-6332 10 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Kinesin
Hydrolysis
Actuators
Tuning
Adenosine Triphosphate
1 引用 (Scopus)

Effect of channel geometry on ionic current signal of a bridge circuit based microfluidic channel

Yasaki, H., Yasui, T., Yanagida, T., Kaji, N., Kanai, M., Nagashima, K., Kawai, T. & Baba, Y., 1 1 2018, : : Chemistry Letters. 47, 3, p. 350-353 4 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Bridge circuits
Microfluidics
Geometry
Molecules
3 引用 (Scopus)

Effect of polymer backbone flexibility on blue phase liquid crystal stabilization

Kizhakidathazhath, R., Higuchi, H., Okumura, Y. & Kikuchi, H., 7 15 2018, : : Journal of Molecular Liquids. 262, p. 175-179 5 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Liquid Crystals
Liquid crystals
flexibility
Polymers
Stabilization
13 引用 (Scopus)
Dendrimers
Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
Substitution reactions
Fluorescence
Electrons

Integrated molecule recognition sensor electronics using nanostructured metal oxides on silicon

Yanagida, T., 7 3 2018, 2018 International Symposium on VLSI Technology, Systems and Application, VLSI-TSA 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 1-2 2 p. (2018 International Symposium on VLSI Technology, Systems and Application, VLSI-TSA 2018).

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献会議での発言

Silicon
Oxides
metal oxides
Electronic equipment
Metals
2 引用 (Scopus)

Numerical calculation of Kossel diagrams of cholesteric blue phases

Fukuda, J., Okumura, Y. & Kikuchi, H., 1 1 2018, Emerging Liquid Crystal Technologies XIII. Chigrinov, V. G., Chien, L-C., Broer, D. J. & Musevic, I. (版). SPIE, 巻 10555. 105550A

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献会議での発言

Numerical Calculation
Diagram
diagrams
Wave transmission
Structural Change
5 引用 (Scopus)

Orientation of liquid crystalline blue phases on unidirectionally orienting surfaces

Takahashi, M., Ohkawa, T., Yoshida, H., Fukuda, J. I., Kikuchi, H. & Ozaki, M., 2 19 2018, : : Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 51, 10, 104003.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Crystal orientation
Crystalline materials
Crystals
Liquids
liquids

PM 2.5 Particle detection in a microfluidic device by using ionic current sensing

Shimada, T., Yasaki, H., Yasui, T., Yanagida, T., Kaji, N., Kanai, M., Nagashima, K., Kawai, T. & Baba, Y., 1 1 2018, : : analytical sciences. 34, 12, p. 1347-1349 3 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Bridge circuits
Microfluidics
Demonstrations
9 引用 (Scopus)

Polymer dispersed liquid crystal device with integrated luminescent solar concentrator

Mateen, F., Oh, H., Jung, W., Lee, S. Y., Kikuchi, H. & Hong, S. K., 3 16 2018, : : Liquid Crystals. 45, 4, p. 498-506 9 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Solar concentrators
Liquid crystal polymers
concentrators
liquid crystals
polymers
1 引用 (Scopus)

Response Improvement of Microstrip Line Microwave and Milliwave Phase Shifter Utilizing Polymer Stabilized Nematic Liquid Crystal with UV Polymerization

Bui, V. B., Inoue, Y., Higuchi, H., Kikuchi, H. & Moritake, H., 3 2018, : : Electronics and Communications in Japan. 101, 3, p. 49-57 9 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Nematic liquid crystals
Phase shifters
Microstrip lines
Polymerization
Nematic Liquid Crystal
4 引用 (Scopus)

Robust Ionic Current Sensor for Bacterial Cell Size Detection

Yasaki, H., Shimada, T., Yasui, T., Yanagida, T., Kaji, N., Kanai, M., Nagashima, K., Kawai, T. & Baba, Y., 3 23 2018, : : ACS Sensors. 3, 3, p. 574-579 6 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

sensors
Sensors
cells
Bridge circuits
Signal to noise ratio
3 引用 (Scopus)

Single-molecule rectifiers based on voltage-dependent deformation of molecular orbitals in carbazole oligomers

Yamada, R., Albrecht, K., Ohto, T., Minode, K., Yamamoto, K. & Tada, H., 11 14 2018, : : Nanoscale. 10, 42, p. 19818-19824 7 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Molecular orbitals
Oligomers
Electrodes
Molecules
Electric potential
2 引用 (Scopus)

Stabilizer-Concentration Effects on the Size of Gold Submicrometer-Sized Spherical Particles Prepared Using Laser-Induced Agglomeration and Melting of Colloidal Nanoparticles

Tsuji, T., Sakaki, S., Fujiwara, H., Kikuchi, H., Tsuji, M., Ishikawa, Y. & Koshizaki, N., 9 20 2018, : : Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 122, 37, p. 21659-21666 8 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

agglomeration
Gold
Melting
Agglomeration
melting
3 引用 (Scopus)

Substituent effects of bridged binaphthyl-type chiral dopants on the helical twisting power in dopant-induced chiral liquid crystals

Narazaki, Y., Nishikawa, H., Higuchi, H., Okumura, Y. & Kikuchi, H., 1 1 2018, : : RSC Advances. 8, 2, p. 971-979 9 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Liquid Crystals
Liquid crystals
Doping (additives)
Nematic liquid crystals
Halogens
3 引用 (Scopus)

Thermal conductivity of Si nanowires with δ-modulated dopant distribution by self-heated 3ω method and its length dependence

Zhuge, F., Takahashi, T., Kanai, M., Nagashima, K., Fukata, N., Uchida, K. & Yanagida, T., 8 14 2018, : : Journal of Applied Physics. 124, 6, 065105.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

nanowires
thermal conductivity
ballistics
Joule heating
phonons

Three-dimensional crystal orientation of blue phase liquid crystals on surfaces

Yoshida, H., Takahashi, M., Ohkawa, T., Fukuda, J., Kikuchi, H. & Ozaki, M., 1 1 2018, Liquid Crystals XXII. Khoo, I. C. (版). SPIE, 107350I. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; 巻数 10735).

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献会議での発言

Liquid Crystals
Crystal orientation
Liquid Crystal
Liquid crystals
Crystal
2017
2 引用 (Scopus)

A Fluid Liquid-Crystal Material with Highly Polar Order

Nishikawa, H., Shiroshita, K., Higuchi, H., Okumura, Y., Haseba, Y., Yamamoto, S. I., Sago, K. & Kikuchi, H., 11 20 2017, : : Advanced Materials. 29, 43, 1702354.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Liquid Crystals
Liquid crystals
Polarization
Fluids
Electric fields

A highly polar LC material

Nishikawa, H., Shiroshita, K., Higuchi, H., Okumura, Y., Haseba, Y., Yamamoto, S. I., Sago, K. & Kikuchi, H., 1 1 2017, 24th International Display Workshops, IDW 2017. International Display Workshops, p. 212-214 3 p. (Proceedings of the International Display Workshops; 巻数 1).

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献会議での発言

Ferroelectric materials
Permittivity
Molecules
1,4-dioxane
3 引用 (Scopus)

A millisecond micro-RNA separation technique by a hybrid structure of nanopillars and nanoslits

Wu, Q., Kaji, N., Yasui, T., Rahong, S., Yanagida, T., Kanai, M., Nagashima, K., Tokeshi, M., Kawai, T. & Baba, Y., 3 8 2017, : : Scientific reports. 7, 43877.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

MicroRNAs
Nanopores
Semiconductors
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
DNA Sequence Analysis
20 引用 (Scopus)

An Ionic Liquid That Dissolves Semiconducting Polymers: A Promising Electrolyte for Bright, Efficient, and Stable Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells

Sakanoue, T., Yonekawa, F., Albrecht, K., Yamamoto, K. & Takenobu, T., 7 25 2017, : : Chemistry of Materials. 29, 14, p. 6122-6129 8 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Semiconducting polymers
Ionic Liquids
Electrochemical cells
Ionic liquids
Electrolytes

A photoregulated ATP generation system for in vitro motility assay

Kabir, A. M. R., Ito, M., Uenishi, K., Anan, S., Konagaya, A., Sada, K., Sugiura, M. & Kakugo, A., 1 1 2017, : : Chemistry Letters. 46, 2, p. 178-180 3 p.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Assays
Adenosine Triphosphate
Gels
Kinesin
Microspheres