As an interesting example of how geometry affects the formation of defects, we study the defect structures of a hybrid nematic liquid-crystal film in a wedge-shaped cell made up of sinusoidal microwrinkles and an elastomer sheet. When the cell thickness is larger than a threshold value h c, +1/2 and -1/2 disclinations are simultaneously stabilized along concave grooves and convex crests, respectively. A simple theoretical analysis gives a good estimate of h c. The disclinations also show alternating optical rotations resulting from the curved boundary and liquid-crystal elastic anisotropy.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 9月 28 2012|
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