A 76-year-old woman suffered from repeated postprandial syncope of unknown cause. Computed tomography scanning revealed an enlarged hiatal hernia sac with food residues that compressed both the left atrium and inferior vena cava. As soon as the hernia cavity expanded during an upper gastrointestinal X-ray examination, she experienced a deterioration of her level of consciousness. Therefore, we diagnosed her of a swallow syncope due to left atrium compression by the huge hernia sac. The sac also compressed the inferior vena cava, and she experienced a transient elevation of her hepatobiliary enzyme level probably due to the influence of the congestive liver. Thus, clinicians should always keep this condition in mind when encountering patients with post-meal syncope.
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