Generally, intermolecular disulfide bond contribute to the conformational protein stability. To identify sites where intermolecular disulfide bond can be introduced into the Fab’s constant domain of the therapeutic IgG, Fab mutants were predicted using the MOE software, a molecular simulator, and expressed in Pichia pastoris. SDS-PAGE analysis of the prepared Fab mutants from P. pastoris indicated that among the nine analyzed Fab mutants, the F130C(H):Q124C(L), F174C(H):S176C(L), V177C(H):Q160C(L), F174C(H):S162C(L), F130C(H):S121C(L), and A145C(H):F116C(L) mutants mostly formed intermolecular disulfide bond. All these mutants showed increased thermal stability compared to that of Fab without intermolecular disulfide bond. In the other mutants, the intermolecular disulfide bond could not be completely formed, and the L132C(H):F118C(L) mutant showed only a slight decrease in binding activity and β-helix content, owing to the exertion of adverse intermolecular disulfide bond effects. Thus, our comprehensive analysis reveals that the introduction of intermolecular disulfide bond in the Fab’s constant domain is possible at various locations. These findings provide important insights for accomplishing human Fab stabilization.
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