This work reports a computational kinetic study on the pyrolysis of isopropyl propionate (IPP) as a biodiesel model using density functional theory (DFT), namely ωB97XD and M06-2X levels. The obtained data are compared with the benchmark CBS-QB3 results. The calculated energy profiles have been supplemented with calculations of rate coefficients and branching ratios over the temperature range 563–651 K and under atmospheric pressure and in the fall-off regime was determined using transition state theory (TST) and statistical Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM). The obtained results reveal that the formation of propionic acid and propene is the most predominant path both thermodynamically and kinetically. However, production of other species is unlikely to occur except at elevated temperatures, with the hemolytic bond cleavage reactions aren't competitive under the applied temperature range. Comparison with linear methyl and ethyl esters indicates faster reactions for IPP. A good agreement with the available experimental findings has been found. Consistent with higher barrier heights, pressures P > 10−4 bar are necessary to achieve the high-pressure (HP) limit.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Organic Chemistry