A frequent variant in the Japanese population determines quasi-Mendelian inheritance of rare retinal ciliopathy

Konstantinos Nikopoulos, Katarina Cisarova, Mathieu Quinodoz, Hanna Koskiniemi-Kuendig, Noriko Miyake, Pietro Farinelli, Atta Ur Rehman, Muhammad Imran Khan, Andrea Prunotto, Masato Akiyama, Yoichiro Kamatani, Chikashi Terao, Fuyuki Miya, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Shinji Ueno, Nobuo Fuse, Akira Murakami, Yuko Wada, Hiroko Terasaki, Koh Hei SonodaTatsuro Ishibashi, Michiaki Kubo, Frans P.M. Cremers, Zoltán Kutalik, Naomichi Matsumoto, Koji M. Nishiguchi, Toru Nakazawa, Carlo Rivolta

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Hereditary retinal degenerations (HRDs) are Mendelian diseases characterized by progressive blindness and caused by ultra-rare mutations. In a genomic screen of 331 unrelated Japanese patients, we identify a disruptive Alu insertion and a nonsense variant (p.Arg1933*) in the ciliary gene RP1, neither of which are rare alleles in Japan. p.Arg1933* is almost polymorphic (frequency = 0.6%, amongst 12,000 individuals), does not cause disease in homozygosis or heterozygosis, and yet is significantly enriched in HRD patients (frequency = 2.1%, i.e., a 3.5-fold enrichment; p-value = 9.2 × 10−5). Familial co-segregation and association analyses show that p.Arg1933* can act as a Mendelian mutation in trans with the Alu insertion, but might also associate with disease in combination with two alleles in the EYS gene in a non-Mendelian pattern of heredity. Our results suggest that rare conditions such as HRDs can be paradoxically determined by relatively common variants, following a quasi-Mendelian model linking monogenic and complex inheritance.

本文言語英語
論文番号2884
ジャーナルNature communications
10
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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