A methodological and preliminary study on the acoustic effect of a trumpet player's vocal tract

Tokihiko Kaburagi, Naoyuki Yamada, Takashi Fukui, Eriko Minamiya

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A methodological study is presented to examine the acoustic role of the vocal tract in playing the trumpet. Preliminary results obtained for one professional player are also shown to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. Images of the vocal tract with a resolution of 0.5 mm (2 mm in thickness) were recorded with magnetic resonance imaging to observe the tongue posture and estimate the vocal-tract area function during actual performance. The input impedance was then calculated for the player's air column including both the supra- and subglottal tracts using an acoustic tube model including the effect of wall losses. Finally, a time-domain blowing simulation by Adachi and Sato [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99, 1200-1209 (1996)] was performed with a model of the lips. In this simulation, the oscillating frequency of the lips was slightly affected by using different shapes of the vocal tract measured for the player. In particular, when the natural frequency of the lips was gradually increased, the transition to the higher mode occurred at different frequencies for different vocal-tract shapes. Furthermore, simulation results showed that the minimum blowing pressure required to attain the lip oscillation can be reduced by adjusting the vocal-tract shape properly.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)536-545
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
130
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7月 2011

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 人文科学(その他)
  • 音響学および超音波学

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