A Mouse Model for Tuberculosis Combined With Inhalable Imiquimod-PLGA Nanocomposite Particles Based on Macrophage Phenotype

Teruki Nii, Shunsuke Takizawa, Tomomi Akita, Chikamasa Yamashita, Issei Takeuchi, Kimiko Makino

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

抄録

Background/Aim: In vivo models of tuberculosis are effective tools for developing new drugs. The objective of this study was to prepare in vivo models for tuberculosis by utilizing nanocomposite particles (NCPs) containing imiquimod-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles. Materials and Methods: NCPs were prepared from dichloromethane with imiquimod and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) using a spray dryer. Mice were treated with NCPs in the lungs by inhalation, and then infection with Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin was performed (treatment groups). The concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ were measured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: When animals were treated with NCPs, the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly higher than in animals not treated with NCPs. In addition, high bacterial counts and circular granuloma were observed. Conclusion: NCPs prepared in this study enhanced the level of inflammation in the lungs and support the preparation of in vivo models of tuberculosis.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)2166-2172
ページ数7
ジャーナルIn Vivo
36
5
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 9月 2022

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 薬理学
  • 癌研究

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