A multifunctional flow-injection biosensor for the simultaneous determination of ammonia, creatinine, and urea

C. S. Rui, H. I-Ogawa, Kenji Sonomoto, Y. Kato

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A strategy for the multifunctionalization of the FIA biosensor was developed. The described multifunctional FIA system offers a fast and simple method for the simultaneous determination of ammonia, creatinine, and urea. The hydrolysis of creatinine by creatinine deiminase (CRDI) or of urea by urease forms ammonia, which is amperometrically detected by an oxygen electrode, based on an enzyme conversion system, glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH)/glutamate oxidase (GLOD). The split of the stream into three after sample injection and confluence before the GLDH reactor resulted in a three-channel system, into which were set three parallel columns, respectively, filled with immobilized CRDI, urease, and CPG. A triple-peak recording was obtained by putting two delay coils at the channels involving CRDI and urease. Thus the interfering of the endogenous ammonia on the creatinine and urea assay is simultaneously compensated. Furthermore, the problem of great difference in concentration between urea and the other two components is resolved by taking advantage of the differentiated dilution effect for each channel caused from the split-stream, flow-injection system. Linear calibration ranges for ammonia, creatinine, and urea were 0.1-5, 0.2-10, and 2-40 mM, respectively. One run was finished within 5 minutes, and the system was reproducibility good (3 to 5%). The results of the urine assay obtained by the present method will be described in the near future.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)30-38
ページ数9
ジャーナルAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
750
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1 1 1995
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神経科学(全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 科学史および科学哲学

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