A newly identified mutation in the PEX26 gene is associated with a milder form of Zellweger spectrum disorder

Akemi J. Tanaka, Kanji Okumoto, Shigehiko Tamura, Yuichi Abe, Yoel Hirsch, Liyong Deng, Joseph Ekstein, Wendy K. Chung, Yukio Fujiki

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Using clinical exome sequencing (ES), we identified an autosomal recessive missense variant, c.153C>A (p.F51L), in the peroxisome biogenesis factor 26 gene (PEX26) in a 19-yr-old female of Ashkenazi Jewish descent who was referred for moderate to severe hearing loss. The proband and three affected siblings are all homozygous for the c.153C>A variant. Skin fibroblasts from this patient show normal morphology in immu-nostaining of matrix proteins, although the level of catalase was elevated. Import rate of matrix proteins was significantly decreased in the patient-derived fibroblasts. Binding of Pex26-F51L to the AAA ATPase peroxins, Pex1 and Pex6, is severely impaired and affects peroxisome assembly. Moreover, Pex26 in the patient’s fibroblasts is reduced to ∼30% of the control, suggesting that Pex26-F51L is unstable in cells. In the patient’s fibroblasts, peroxisome-targeting signal 1 (PTS1) proteins, PTS2 protein 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, and catalase are present in a punctate staining pattern at 37°C and in a diffuse pattern at 42°C, suggesting that these matrix proteins are not imported to peroxisomes in a temperature-sensitive manner. Analysis of peroxisomal metabolism in the patient’s fibroblasts showed that the level of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (C22:6n-3) in ether phospholipids is decreased, whereas other lipid metabolism, including peroxisomal fatty acid β-oxidation, is normal. Collectively, the functional data support the mild phenotype of nonsyndromic hearing loss in patients harboring the F51L variant in PEX26.

本文言語英語
論文番号a003483
ジャーナルCold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
5
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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