Homer family proteins are encoded by three genes, homer1, 2 and 3. Most of these proteins are expressed constitutively in nervous systems and accumulated in postsynaptic regions. However, the functional significance of these proteins, especially the significance of the distinction among the proteins encoded by homer1, 2 and 3, is still obscure. In the present study, we isolated a cDNA clone encoding a novel protein by two-hybrid system screening using the C-terminal half of Homer2b as the bait. This protein, termed 2B28, has 297 amino acid residues and contains three major domains: a UBA domain, a coiled-coil region, and a UBX domain. When expressed in HEK293T cells, 2B28 showed colocalization with uniquitin and enhanced the expression levels of IκB or Homer1a proteins, which are known to be degraded by proteasomes, indicating that 2B28 is involved in ubiquitin-proteasome functions. 2B28 specifically interacted and colocalized with Homer2 proteins, but not with Homer1 proteins. So far, we have identified no counterpart of 2B28 for Homer1 experimentally or in the protein databases. These results suggest that the specific interaction of 2B28 with Homer2 may play a role in regulation of protein degradation by ubiquitin-proteasome systems and that this function may be specific to Homer2 proteins among Homer family proteins.
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