A cathodic-anodic biway photoelectronic device has been successfully constructed using a self-assembled monolayer (SAM). The SAM consists of two kinds of photofunctional thiol derivatives, a ruthenium complex-viologen linked compound (RuVS) and a phthalocyanine derivative (PcS), on a gold electrode. Structural characterization of the SAM has been carried out by absorption spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and differential pulse voltammetry. Photocurrent responses were measured in the presence of methyl viologen (MV 2+) and oxygen as electron acceptors and triethanolamine (TEOA) as a sacrificial reagent. For the SAM of RuVS alone, intramolecular electron transfer (ET) was superior to intermolecular ET, resulting in anodic photocurrents even in the presence of MV2+ and oxygen at 0 V vs Ag/AgCl. On the contrary, only cathodic photocurrents were observed at 0 V for the SAM of PcS alone. Photocurrents from the mixed SAM of RuVS and PcS were roughly the sum of individual photocurrents from RuVS and PcS. In fact, photocurrents from the mixed SAM of RuVS and PcS were observed in the anodic direction below ∼550 nm, and in the cathodic direction above ∼550 nm at 0 V vs Ag/AgCl. In the case of the mixed SAM of RuS (ruthenium complex disulfide) and PcS, only cathodic photocurrents were observed at 0 V vs Ag/AgCl, due to the lack of an intramolecular ET pathway. The results indicate that in the mixed SAM of RuVS and PcS both dyes can individually function for opposite photocurrent generation. We have also applied the mixed SAM as a photoelectronic logic device by using two LEDs (470 and 640 nm). The system clearly operated as an XOR logic device.
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