A solid polymer water electrolysis system utilizing natural circulation

Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kenichiro Kosaka, Takashi Yamamoto, Yuya Tachikawa, Kohei Ito, Kazunari Sasaki

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Solid Polymer Water Electrolysis (SPWE) is a method to efficiently produce high-purity hydrogen gas using a polymer electrolyte membrane-based system. SPWE systems that utilize natural water circulation (resulting from a difference in buoyancy) are a promising technology, which need no additional circulation pump for water supply to the electrolysis cells, and generate no pressure difference between the hydrogen generation and oxygen generation chambers. However, despite not needing an accurate pressure control, gas bubbles formed and trapped within the cell stacks can inhibit heat convection, leading to hot-spot formation and consequent destructive degradation. Improving the reliability is therefore one of the most important technological issues in natural circulation SPWEs. In this study, hot-spot formation is studied both by numerical heat and flow analysis, and by experimental in-situ visualization. This leads to insights into the degradation mechanisms of SPWE stacks, and their possible solutions. An improved design for an SPWE cell stack is successfully fabricated, and reliable operation up to 5000 h is demonstrated.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)16263-16274
ページ数12
ジャーナルInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
39
29
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 10 2 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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