Along with population decline, it is difficult to maintain public transport services and urban functions. As a solution, including but realization of Compact City, for a reasonable setting for public transport axis as a frame of the city, it has not been studied. In this study, the long-term point of view of urban planning that "residents and city functions where to consolidate " set the public transport axis, to verify its validity. As a result, (1) public transport axis and overlap extension ratio of bus routes is high, was shown to have integrated the city function in comparison (2) If public transportation axis along the road is a bus route along the road. (3) As a result of exchange of views with bus operators and countries and municipalities, were obtained understanding of the concept of setting. Setting of the public transport shaft which this study is presented it was revealed reasonable.