Interaction path analyses for π-conjugated organic systems were performed at the ab initio molecular orbital level to examine the relationship between inter-radical interactions and the high-spin stability of the system. It was found that the high-spin stability results from through-bond interactions between radicals, not from through-space interactions, in relation to the stabilization of a low-spin state due to the effects of electron correlation. Lijmin value for estimating the mixing of nonbonding molecular orbitals well predicted the relationship between the through-bond interactions and the high-spin stability. Furthermore, molecular orbital calculations revealed that the all-trans type interaction path between radicals produces long-range exchange interactions, and the additivity of high-spin stability is observed by keeping short-range through-bond interaction paths.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry