Abnormalities of stromal structure in the bullous keratopathy cornea identified by second harmonic eneration imaging microscopy

Naoyuki Morishige, Norihiro Yamada, Xu Zhang, Yukiko Morita, Naoyuki Yamada, Kazuhiro Kimura, Atsushi Takahara, Koh Hei Sonoda

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

20 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

PURPOSE. To identify structural alterations in collagen lamellae and the transdifferentiation of keratocytes into myofibroblasts in the corneal stroma of bullous keratopathy (BK) patients and to examine the relation of such changes to the duration of stromal edema or the underlying cause of BK. METHODS. Six normal human corneas and 16 BK corneas were subjected to second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging microscopy to allow three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of collagen lamellae. Expression of α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) was examined by immunofluorescence analysis and conventional laser confocal microscopy. RESULTS. Collagen lamellae were interwoven at the anterior stroma and uniformly aligned at the posterior stroma, whereas aSMA was not detected throughout the entire stroma of the normal cornea. Nine (56%) and 7 (44%) of the 16 BK corneas showed abnormal collagen structure at the anterior and posterior stroma, respectively. Expression of αSMA was detected in the anterior or posterior stroma of 7 (44%) and 6 (38%) of the 16 BK corneas, respectively. Disorganization of collagen lamellae and myofibroblastic transdifferentiation were detected only in corneas with a duration of stromal edema of at least 12 months. Corneas with BK as a result of birth injury showed abnormal collagen structure at the posterior stroma, whereas those with BK resulting from laser iridotomy did not. CONCLUSIONS. Changes in the structure of the entire stroma were detected in BK corneas with a duration of stromal edema of at least 12 months, suggesting that such changes may be progressive. In addition, the underlying cause of BK may influence structural changes at the posterior stroma.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)4998-5003
ページ数6
ジャーナルInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
53
8
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 眼科学
  • 感覚系
  • 細胞および分子神経科学

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