We investigated the absorption and metabolic behavior of hesperidin (hesperetin-7-O-rutinoside) in the blood system of Sprague-Dawley rats by liquid chromatography- and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometries (LC-MS and MALDI-MS). After a single oral administration of hesperidin (10 mg/kg), which was expected to be absorbed in its degraded hesperetin form, we detected intact hesperidin in the portal vein blood (tmax, 2 h) for the first time. We successfully detected glucuronized hesperidin in the circulating bloodstream, while intact hesperidin had disappeared. Further MS analyses revealed that homoeriodictyol and eriodictyol conjugates were detected in both portal and circulating blood systems. This indicated that hesperidin and/or hesperetin are susceptible to methylation and demethylation during the intestinal membrane transport process. Sulfated and glucuronized metabolites were also detected in both blood systems. In conclusion, hesperidin can enter into the circulating bloodstream in its conjugated forms, together with the conjugated forms of hesperetin, homoeriodictyol, and/or eriodictyol.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)