Abundant graft chains do not influence coil-to-helix but α-to-β transition of polylysine backbone, resulting in thermoreversible β-to-α transition

Rui Moriyama, Sung Won Choi, Naohiko Shimada, Arihiro Kano, Atsushi Maruyama

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We have demonstrated that cationic comb-type copolymers (PLL-g-Dex) consisting of a cationic polylysine backbone and abundant grafts of water-soluble polymers stabilize DNA hybrids. Furthermore, the copolymers were found to accelerate the strand exchange reaction between a double-stranded DNA and its complementary single-stranded DNA. In this study, we investigated pH-induced coil-to-helix and temperature-induced α-to-β transition of PLL-g-Dex to evaluate the effect of the graft chains on conformation of the polylysine backbone. The coil-to-helix transition was hardly influenced by the grafted dextran. The copolymer having 24 mol% (93 wt%) dextran still underwent coil-to-helix transition. No change in transition pH with dextran grafting density of the copolymer was observed. In contrast to the coil-to-helix transition, the dextran grafts impacted the temperature-induced α-to-β transition. The graft chains even at 1 mol% (38 wt%) affected α-to-β transition of the PLL backbone. The transition temperature increased from 45°C to 77 °C by 11 mol% (88 wt%) dextran grafting, resulted in stabilization of helical structure at the higher temperature. Furthermore, thermoreversible β-to-α transition of the copolymer was observed for the copolymer with a particular grafting degree. The grafted dextran seemingly modified inter-strands or inter-segments interactions of the polylysine backbones which are required for β-sheet assembling.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1381-1387
ページ数7
ジャーナルReactive and Functional Polymers
67
11 SPEC. ISS.
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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