In the field of medicine, cooperation between academia and industry has become increasingly important in order to create innovative pharmaceuticals and medical devices. This paper presents an overview of academia-industry cooperation within the medical field in Japan. The overview begins with a brief history of the origins of academia-industry cooperation in Japan, and how it has developed up to the present day. It continues with examples of current academia-industry cooperation in the medical field. This includes details about organizations such as the Academic Research Organization (ARO) established by Japanese universities and the government to promote academia-industry cooperation; details about various matching events such as BioJapan; information about networks such as ARDENT, established to return results of basic research to society, and information about a case study by Kyushu University's Hospital Center for Clinical and Translational Research. It concludes by suggesting what will need to be done in the future to improve academia-industry cooperation in Japan.
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