Background: Accelerated clearance of 99mtechnetium-sestamibi (MIBI) has been observed after reperfusion therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but the mechanisms have not been fully investigated. MIBI retention may depend on mitochondrial function. The clearance rate of 11carbon-acetate reflects such mitochondrial functions as oxidative metabolism. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms of accelerated MIBI clearance in ACS. We therefore compared it to oxidative metabolism estimated using 11C-acetate positron emission tomography (PET). Methods: Eighteen patients [mean age 69.2 ± 8.7 years, 10 males (56 %)] with reperfused ACS underwent MIBI single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), echocardiography, and 11C-acetate PET within 3 weeks of the onset of ACS. MIBI images were obtained 30 min and 3 h after MIBI administration. Regional left ventricular (LV) function was evaluated by echocardiography. The measurement of oxidative metabolism was obtained through the mono-exponential fitting of the 11C-acetate time-activity curve (kmono). Results: Among 95 segments of reperfused myocardium, MIBI SPECT showed 64 normal segments (group N), 14 segments with accelerated MIBI clearance (group AC), and 17 segments with fixed defect (group F). Group AC showed lower kmono than group N (0.041 ± 0.009 vs 0.049 ± 0.010, p = 0.02). Group F showed lower kmono than group N (0.039 ± 0.012 vs 0.049 ± 0.010, p = 0.01). However, kmono was similar in group AC and group F (p = 0.99). Conclusions: Segments with accelerated MIBI clearance showed reduced oxidative metabolism in ACS. Loss of MIBI retention may be associated with mitochondrial dysfunction.
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