Accumulated nocturnal hypoxemia predict arterial endothelial function in patients with sleep-disordered breathing with or without chronic heart failure

Hiroyuki Sawatari, Akiko Chishaki, Mari Nishizaka, Mami Miyazono, Tomotake Tokunou, Chie Magota, Umpei Yamamoto, Sakiko Shimizu Handa, Shin ichi Ando

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is often accompanied with the chronic heart failure (CHF). Hypoxemia due to pulmonary congestion from CHF and concurrent SDB might synergistically impair endothelial function and worsen the prognosis. However, the main factors affecting deterioration of endothelial function are unknown and whether the influence of hypoxemia differs in SDB patients with and without CHF remains unclear. Fifty-three patients (CHF group, n = 23; non-CHF group, n = 30) underwent polysomnography to evaluate their SDB and flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) measurements to assess arterial endothelial function. We examined the relationships between FMD and SDB-related parameters, including our original index of accumulated hypoxemia by SDB throughout one-night sleep: the time desaturation summation index (TDS), calculated as follows: (100% − averaged arterial oxygen saturation during sleep) × total sleep time. The mean age in the CHF and non-CHF groups was 59.0 ± 13.5 and 57.7 ± 11.4 years, respectively. Although the FMD in the 2 groups were not significantly different, well-known adverse factors for FMD such as serum lipid profiles, blood pressure levels, and conventional indices of SDB were worse in the non-CHF group. Only the TDS was not significantly different between 2 groups and associated with FMD as shown by the univariate analysis (CHF: p < 0.05, non-CHF: p < 0.01) and multivariate analysis (CHF: p < 0.05, non-CHF: p < 0.01). Accumulated hypoxemia (TDS) rather than the frequency of hypoxemia might more influence on the endothelial function irrespective of the cardiac state. Removal of accumulation of nocturnal hypoxemia might be a target for treatment equally in the patients with and without CHF.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)800-807
ページ数8
ジャーナルHeart and Vessels
35
6
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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