The intensity of pain in diabetic neuropathy varies in a circadian time-dependent manner. It is well known that diabetes has two distinct types, which are differentiated based on the cause of the disease. Previous studies have yet to compare the circadian properties of the pain intensity of diabetic neuropathy between type I and type II diabetes. In this study, we demonstrated that the pain intensity of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in a db/db mouse model of type II diabetes showed a significant diurnal oscillation, but such time-dependent oscillation was not detected in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type I diabetic mouse model. The polyol pathway-induced accumulation of sorbitol in peripheral nerve cells suppresses Na+/K+-ATPase activity, which is associated with the intensity of pain in diabetic neuropathy. In db/db mice, this accumulation of sorbitol in peripheral nerve cells showed significant diurnal oscillation. In addition, pain intensity and Na+/K+-ATPase activity were decreased at the peak time of sorbitol accumulation in these mice. Although STZ-induced diabetic mice also showed sorbitol accumulation and Na+/K+-ATPase dysfunction, these measures did not oscillate in a time-dependent manner. These findings reveal differences in the circadian properties of pain hypersensitivity in mouse models of type I and type II diabetes, and also provide ideas for developing novel approaches to the management of diabetic neuropathy.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 9月 3 2018|
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