Activities of liver mitochondrial and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation enzymes in rats fed trans fat

Takashi Ide, Midori Watanabe, Michihiro Sugano, Iwahiko Yamamoto

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

31 引用 (Scopus)


The effect of trans fat on the activities of liver mitochondrial and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation enzymes was examined in various strains of rats. When Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 30 days diets containing either olive oil or partially hydrogenated corn oil as a source of cis-or trans-octadecenoate, respectively, the activities of various enzymes of mitochondrial and peroxisomal β-oxidation measured with cis- and trans-9-octadecenoic acid as substratese showed little dietary fatdependent change. In Fischer 344 rats, feeding trans fat for 15 mo increased only moderately various enzymes of β-oxidation except for carnitine acyltransferase. The rate of mitochondrial ketogenesis and the activity of carnitine acyltransferase measured with trans-9-octadecenoic acid as a substrate were about half those with the cis-counterpart. Peroxisomes oxidized trans-9-octadecenoyl-CoA at a rate comparable to the cis-counterpart. It was concluded from this study and previous ones that the difference in the geometry of dietary fatty acid had only a marginal effect in modulating the hepatic fatty acid oxidation system, in spite of marked differences in the metabolic behavior of cis-and trans fatty acid in cell-free preparations and perfused liver.

出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 1987


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology