Purpose: To assess the usefulness of amide proton transfer (APT) imaging to predict the biological status of breast cancers. Method: Sixty-six patients (age range 31–85 years, mean 58.9 years) with histopathologically proven invasive ductal carcinomas of 2 cm or larger in diameter were included in this study. 3D APT weighted imaging was conducted on a 3 T scanner. Mean APT signal intensity (SI) was analyzed in relation to biological subtypes, Ki-67 labeling index, and nuclear grades (NGs). Results: The triple-negative (TN) cancers (n = 10; 2.75 ± 0.42%) showed significantly higher APT SI than the luminal type cancers (n = 48; 1.74 ± 0.83) and HER2 cancers (n = 8; 1.83 ± 0.21) (P = 0.0007, 0.03). APT SI had weakly positive correlation with the Ki-67 labeling index (r = 0.38, P = 0.002). The mean APT SIs were significantly higher for high-Ki-67 (>30%) (n = 31; 2.25 ± 0.70) than low-Ki-67 (≤30%) cancers (n = 35; 1.60 ± 0.79) (P = 0.0007). There was no significant difference in the APT SIs between NG 1–2 (n = 31; 1.71 ± 0.84) and NG 3 (n = 35; 2.08 ± 0.76%) cancers (P = 0.06). Conclusions: TN and high-Ki-67 breast cancers showed high APT SIs. APT imaging can help to predict the biological status of breast cancers.
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 4月 2023|
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