An age-period-cohort analysis of biomarkers of lifestyle-related diseases using the national health and nutrition survey in Japan, 1973–2018

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

Studies of biomarkers of lifestyle-related diseases in Japanese cohorts are scarce. This study aimed to analyze trends in risk markers of lifestyle-related diseases using age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Data on systolic blood pressure and BMI from 1973 to 2018 and serum glucose, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels from 1989 to 2018 available from the National Health and Nutrition Survey were used. Values for each of the risk markers for each age, period, and cohort were estimated using APC analysis. For women, a decrease in all the risk markers of lifestyle-related diseases was observed in individuals born between the 1930s and approximately 1970. Therefore, female individuals born in approximately 1970 were considered to have the lowest risk of developing lifestyle-related and cardiovascular diseases. Meanwhile, the cohort effect on all the risk markers deteriorated for the younger cohorts, and changes in lifestyle behavior are needed for cohorts born more recently. For men, the trends in risk markers across the cohorts differed, and the relative risk of lifestyle-related diseases for each cohort differed according to disease. These results could help understand cohort-specific risks for lifestyle-related disease and enable identification of high-risk populations who could benefit from preventive measures.

本文言語英語
論文番号8159
ページ(範囲)1-13
ページ数13
ジャーナルInternational journal of environmental research and public health
17
21
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 公衆衛生学、環境および労働衛生
  • 健康、毒物学および変異誘発

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