An estimation of CO2 fixation capacity in mangrove forest using two methods of CO2 gas exchange and growth curve analysis

Yosuke Okimoto, Akihiro Nose, Keizo Ikeda, Sakae Agarie, Kenzo Oshima, Yutaka Tateda, Takashi Ishii, Dang D. Nhan

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In many coastal areas of South-East Asia, attempts have been made to revive coastal ecosystem by initiating projects that encourage planting of mangrove trees. Compared to the terrestrial trees, mangrove trees possess a higher carbon fixation capacity. It becomes a very significant option for clean development mechanism (CDM) program. However, a reliable method to estimate CO2 fixation capacity of mangrove trees has not been established. Acknowledging the above fact, we decided to set up an estimation method for the CDM program, using gas exchange analysis to estimate mangrove productivity, we put into consideration the net CO2 fixation of reforested Kandelia candel (5-, 10-, and 15-year-old stand). This was estimated by gas exchange analysis and growth curve analysis. In growth curve analysis, we drew a growth curve of a single stand using data of above- and below-ground biomass. In the gas exchange analysis, we calculated CO2 fixation capacity by (1) measuring respiration rate of each organ of stand and calculating respiratory CO 2 emission from above- to below-ground biomass. (2) Measuring the single-leaf photosynthetic rate in response to light intensity and calculating the photosynthetic CO2 absorption. (3) We also developed a model for the diurnal changes in temperature, and monthly averages based on one-day estimation of CO2 absorption and emission, which we corrected by this model in order to estimate the net CO2 fixation capacity in response to temperature. Comparing the biomass accumulation of the two methods constructed for the same forest, the above-ground biomass accumulation of 10-year-old forest (34.3 ton ha-1 yr-1) estimated by gas exchange analysis was closely compared to those of growth curve analysis (26.6 ton ha-1 yr-1), suggesting that the gas exchange analysis was capable of estimating mangrove productivity. The validity of the estimated CO2 fixation capacity by the gas exchange analysis and the growth curve analysis was also discussed.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)155-171
ページ数17
ジャーナルWetlands Ecology and Management
16
2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 4 2008
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生態、進化、行動および分類学
  • 水圏科学
  • 管理、モニタリング、政策と法律

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