An evaluation of simulated particulate sulfate over East Asia through global model intercomparison

Daisuke Goto, Teruyuki Nakajima, Tie Dai, Toshihiko Takemura, Mizuo Kajino, Hitoshi Matsui, Akinori Takami, Shiro Hatakeyama, Nobuo Sugimoto, Atsushi Shimizu, Toshimasa Ohara

    研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

    23 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    Sulfate aerosols simulated by an aerosol module coupled to the Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM) at a spatial resolution (220 km) widely used by global climate models were evaluated by a comparison with in situ observations and the same aerosol module coupled to the Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate (MIROC) over East Asia for January, April, July, and October 2006. The results indicated that a horizontal gradient of sulfate from the source over China to the outflow over Korea-Japan was present in both the simulations and the observations. At the observation sites, the correlation coefficients of the sulfate concentrations between the simulations and the observations were high (NICAM: 0.49–0.89, MIROC: 0.61–0.77), whereas the simulated sulfate concentrations were lower than those obtained by the observation with the normalized mean bias of NICAM being -68 to -54% (all), -77 to -63% (source), and -67 to -30% (outflow) and that of MIROC being -61 to -28% (all), -77 to -63% (source), and -60 to +2% (outflow). Both NICAM and MIROC strongly underpredict surface SO2 over China source regions and Korea-Japan outflow regions, but the MIROC SO2 is much higher than NICAM SO2 over both regions. These differences between the models were mainly explained by differences in the sulfate formation within clouds and the dry deposition of SO2. These results indicated that the uncertainty of the meteorological and cloud fields as well as the vertical transport patterns between the different host climate models has a substantial impact on the simulated sulfate distribution.

    本文言語英語
    ページ(範囲)6247-6270
    ページ数24
    ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research
    120
    12
    DOI
    出版ステータス出版済み - 2015

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 地球物理学
    • 林業
    • 海洋学
    • 水圏科学
    • 生態学
    • 水の科学と技術
    • 土壌科学
    • 地球化学および岩石学
    • 地表過程
    • 大気科学
    • 地球惑星科学(その他)
    • 宇宙惑星科学
    • 古生物学

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