We give a simple axiomatic definition of a rationalvalued invariant σ(W,V,e) of triples (W,V,e), where W ⊃ V are smooth oriented closed manifolds of dimensions 6 and 3, and e is a second rational cohomology class of the complement W \ V satisfying a certain condition. The definition is stated in terms of cobordisms of such triples and the signature of 4-manifolds. When W = S 6 and V is a smoothly embedded 3-sphere, and when e/2 is the Poincaré dual of a Seifert surface of V, the invariant coincides with -8 times Haefliger's embedding invariant of (S 6,V). Our definition recovers a more general invariant due to Takase, and contains a new definition for Milnor's triple linking number of algebraically split 3-component links in ℝ 3 that is close to the one given by the perturbative series expansion of the Chern-Simons theory of links in ℝ 3.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Mathematical Sciences|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Applied Mathematics