Analysis of mental models of junior high school students on learning the process of heating using electricity

Makoto Arikawa, Shunichi Maruno

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

This study intended a research on the types of naive mental models junior high school students used in order to understand electric heating, and also to research the possibility that their models might change from unscientific models to scientific models after scientific experiments performed by students. We found 11 types of naive models, which could be divided into two categories : "scientific models", and "unscientific models". The majority of the subjects showed "scientific models" at the time of the study. After the experiment, many subjects having unscientific models as their naive models, changed to scientific models while those who had scientific models in the beginning supported models with increasingly scientific sophistication. On the other hand, it was proved that one of the naive models could not be easily changed by the experiment. The above research showed that the experiment proved generally effective in changing student's naive mental models to more scientific ones.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)58-67
ページ数10
ジャーナルJapanese Journal of Educational Psychology
46
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 教育
  • 発達心理学および教育心理学

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