After several non-inductive current startup experimental campaigns in the spherical tokamak QUEST, its metallic first walls have revealed various kinds of damages as a signature of strong plasma wall interaction (PWI). Several types of footprint traces, namely colored regions formed due to material erosion/redeposition, melting of plasma facing components (PFCs) and numerous arc tracks on the chamber walls are recognized. Analysis of the re-deposited materials on collector probes is carried out using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS). Redeposition of several impurity materials such as carbon, oxygen and tungsten is identified. The footprint traces are majorly formed on the lower side PFCs, showing a large up/down asymmetry. Both toroidally symmetric and asymmetric footprint traces are formed on the bottoms side divertor plate and the lower part of the outboard side walls, respectively. Localized melting occurred on the outboard side limiters is attributed to the loss of energetic electrons produced via electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) heating. The observed damages are discussed in view of localized PWI, loss of energetic electrons, particle drifts, sputtering, arcing and redeposition of eroded materials. Material analysis and numerically calculated guiding center orbits of the charge particles are used to discuss these damages.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering