Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) pretrained by transfer learning were applied to the analysis of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of nanoparticles. Specifically, TEM images of non-magnetic Pt nanoparticles dispersed on a thin TiO2 crystal foil were classified using CNNs. Although the number of learning data (50≤ N≤350) was several orders of magnitude smaller than the quantities normally employed in conventional CNN analyses, the present CNN model was able to carry out image classification with 94% accuracy (average of 25 results) after the convolutional layers were pretrained by transfer learning and fine tuning. This method represents a promising tool for TEM studies of both non-magnetic and magnetic nanoparticles which make emergence of rich material functions.
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