We report thermally activated transport of highly mobile dislocation loops in terms of a line tension model where the dislocation loops are assumed to be a flexible string. The activation energy and transition rate are calculated on the basis of a classical rate theory. The activation energy merely increases with the length of the dislocation loops. However, the activation process and temperature dependence of the transition rate qualitatively change at a critical length Lc. If the dislocation loops are longer than the critical length, the thermal activation occurs through the conventional double-kink formation process on the dislocation lines. On the other hand, if the dislocation loops are shorter than that, the saddle point configuration is not the double-kink type but non-deformation one. Therefore, the critical length Lc is a plausible criterion for the dislocation loops to distinguish dislocation like from point-defect like in size.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering