The ACE inhibitory activity of an alkaline protease hydrolyzate from sardine muscle did not change after being treated by gastrointestinal proteases (IC50 = 0.082 mg protein/ml). Eleven new ACE inhibitory peptides, constructed with 2 to 4 amino acid residues, were isolated from the hydrolyzate. The ACE inhibitory activity of each was mostly below 100μM of IC50 value; the maximal inhibitory activity was observed for Lys-Trp (IC50 = 1.63 μm). The isolated peptides inhibited ACE competitively, except for Met-Tyr with non-competitive inhibition. As the result of sequence homology, Arg-Val-Tyr isolated from the hydrolyzate was found in the primary structure of angiotensins I, II, and III, and of des Asp[l]-angiotensin I.
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