Anti-inflammatory effects of antidepressants: Possibilities for preventives against alzheimer's disease

Sadayuki Hashioka, Patrick L. McGeer, Akira Monji, Shigenobu Kanba

研究成果: Contribution to journalReview article査読

57 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Increasing evidence of pro-inflammatory mediator expression in major depressions indicate that inflammatory changes may play a role. If this is true, the efficacy of antidepressants may be partially attributable to suppression of inflammation. Various types of antidepressants can suppress serum and plasma levels of pro-inflammatory mediators in patients with major depression. Therefore they can inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory mediators by immune cells. These include glial cells, which are the main sources and targets of cytokines in the brain. This review summarizes the evidence showing that antidepressants have an anti-inflammatory potential. The putative mechanisms are also discussed. Because of the anti-inflammatory effects of antidepressants, they might also act as preventives for neurodegenerative dementias including Alzheimer's disease, where the pathogenesis involves chronic inflammation associated with activated microglia.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)12-19
ページ数8
ジャーナルCentral Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
9
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神経科学(全般)
  • 神経心理学および生理心理学
  • 分子医療

フィンガープリント

「Anti-inflammatory effects of antidepressants: Possibilities for preventives against alzheimer's disease」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル