Anti-inflammatory effects of miRNA-146a induced in adipose and periodontal tissues

Taiki Sanada, Tomomi Sano, Yusuke Sotomaru, Rehab Alshargabi, Yosuke Yamawaki, Akiko Yamashita, Hiroaki Matsunaga, Misaki Iwashita, Takanori Shinjo, Takashi Kanematsu, Tomoichiro Asano, Fusanori Nishimura

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle

抜粋

MicroRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in diverse cellular biological processes such as inflammatory response, differentiation and proliferation, and carcinogenesis. miR-146a has been suggested as a negative regulator of the inflammatory reaction. Although, it has been reported as expressed in inflamed adipose and periodontal tissues, however, miR-146a's inhibitory effects against inflammatory response in both the tissues, are not well understood. Therefore, in this study, the inhibitory effects of miR-146a on both adipose and periodontal inflammation, was investigated. In vitro study has revealed that miR-146a transfection into either adipocytes or gingival fibroblasts, has resulted in a reduced cytokine gene expression, observed on co-culturing the cells with macrophages in the presence of lipopolysaccharides (LPS), in comparison to the control miRNA transfected. Similarly, miR-146a transfection into macrophages resulted in a reduced expression of TNF-α gene and protein in response to LPS stimulation. In vivo study revealed that a continuous intravenous miR-146a administration into mice via tail vein, protected the mice from developing high-fat diet-induced obesity and the inflammatory cytokine gene expression was down-regulated in both adipose and periodontal tissues. miR-146a appeared to be induced by macrophage-derived inflammatory signals such as TNF-α by negative feed-back mechanism, and it suppressed inflammatory reaction in both adipose and periodontal tissues. Therefore, miR-146a could be suggested as a potential therapeutic molecule and as a common inflammatory regulator for both obesity-induced diabetes and related periodontal diseases.

元の言語英語
記事番号100757
ジャーナルBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
22
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 7 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

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