Antioxidant nitroxides protect hepatic cells from oxidative stress-induced cell death

Saki Shinto, Yuta Matsuoka, Mayumi Yamato, Ken Ichi Yamada

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Oxidative stress causes cell death and induces many kinds of disease, including liver disease. Nitroxides are known to react catalytically with free radicals. In this study, the cell protective activities of nitroxides were compared with those of other antioxidants. Nitroxides showed much greater inhibition of hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death than other antioxidants in a hepatic cell line and in primary hepatocytes. The intracellular oxidative stress level at 24 h after hydrogen peroxide stimulation was significantly decreased by nitroxides, but not by other antioxidants. To clarify the mechanism of cell protection by nitroxides, we investigated whether nitroxides inhibited DNA damage and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway activation. We found that nitroxides reduced caspase3 activation and may have ultimately inhibited cell death. In conclusion, nitroxides are very useful for attenuating cell damage due to oxidative stress. Nitroxides are thus a potential therapeutic agent for oxidative stress-related diseases.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)132-138
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
62
2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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