Anxiety and poor social support are independently associated with adverse outcomes in patients with mild heart failure

Miyuki Tsuchihashi-Makaya, Norihiro Kato, Akiko Chishaki, Akira Takeshita, Hiroyuki Tsutsui

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

61 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background The impact of psychosocial states, such as depression or anxiety, and social support on the outcomes of stable outpatients with mild heart failure (HF) has not been evaluated in the "real world" clinical practice. Methods and Results In the present study, 139 patients with a prior history of admission for HF provided the baseline demographic, clinical, socio-environmental, and psychosocial information. Cardiac death or re-admission because of worsening of HF was monitored during the follow-up period of 1 year. The prevalence of depression and anxiety were 37% and 37%, respectively, in HF patients. Depression was independently associated with male (sβ=-0.36, P=0.01), social ties (sβ=0.22, P=0.04) and low social support (sβ=-0.39, P<0.01). Anxiety was associated with alcohol drinking (sβ=0.22, P=0.04), brain natriuretic peptide ≥200 pg/dl (s/=0.35, P<0.01), and low social support (sβ=-0.28, P=0.01). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with anxiety (log-lank test; P<0.01) and lower scores of social support (P<0.01) had a higher rate of HF-related re-admission. Conclusions Anxiety and low social support were independently associated with HF-related re-admission, which indicates the need for their inclusion in the assessment and management of HF.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)280-287
ページ数8
ジャーナルCirculation Journal
73
2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2009
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 循環器および心血管医学

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