Application of a Novel Phosphonium-Based Ionic Liquid to the Separation of Platinum Group Metals from Automobile Catalyst Leach Liquor

Mochamad L. Firmansyah, Fukiko Kubota, Wataru Yoshida, Masahiro Goto

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

抄録

The recovery of platinum group metals (PGMs) from automotive exhaust catalysts is important, and hydrometallurgical extraction is an effective approach. In the present study, a newly designed phosphonium-based ionic liquid (IL) was applied to the separation and recovery of PGMs from an automobile catalyst leach liquor in conjunction with varying pH levels. This IL, trioctyldodecyl phosphonium chloride (P8,8,8,12Cl), allows quantitative extraction of Pd(II) at any HCl concentration, with almost 80% removal of Rh(III) at 1 mol L-1 HCl after two extractions. Significant amounts of Fe(III) were extracted into the IL phase, but could be removed using 1 mol L-1 Na2SO3. The Pd(II) and Rh(III) were selectively recovered from the IL using 1 mol L-1 CS(NH2)2 and 5 mol L-1 HCl, respectively. This work therefore demonstrated the selective recovery of PGMs through optimization of various parameters and shows the significant potential of this IL with regard to recycling PGMs from leach liquor.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)3845-3852
ページ数8
ジャーナルIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
58
発行部数9
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 3 6 2019

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Ionic Liquids
Platinum
Ionic liquids
Automobiles
Metals
Catalysts
Recovery
Recycling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

これを引用

Application of a Novel Phosphonium-Based Ionic Liquid to the Separation of Platinum Group Metals from Automobile Catalyst Leach Liquor. / Firmansyah, Mochamad L.; Kubota, Fukiko; Yoshida, Wataru; Goto, Masahiro.

:: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 巻 58, 番号 9, 06.03.2019, p. 3845-3852.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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abstract = "The recovery of platinum group metals (PGMs) from automotive exhaust catalysts is important, and hydrometallurgical extraction is an effective approach. In the present study, a newly designed phosphonium-based ionic liquid (IL) was applied to the separation and recovery of PGMs from an automobile catalyst leach liquor in conjunction with varying pH levels. This IL, trioctyldodecyl phosphonium chloride (P8,8,8,12Cl), allows quantitative extraction of Pd(II) at any HCl concentration, with almost 80{\%} removal of Rh(III) at 1 mol L-1 HCl after two extractions. Significant amounts of Fe(III) were extracted into the IL phase, but could be removed using 1 mol L-1 Na2SO3. The Pd(II) and Rh(III) were selectively recovered from the IL using 1 mol L-1 CS(NH2)2 and 5 mol L-1 HCl, respectively. This work therefore demonstrated the selective recovery of PGMs through optimization of various parameters and shows the significant potential of this IL with regard to recycling PGMs from leach liquor.",
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AU - Kubota, Fukiko

AU - Yoshida, Wataru

AU - Goto, Masahiro

PY - 2019/3/6

Y1 - 2019/3/6

N2 - The recovery of platinum group metals (PGMs) from automotive exhaust catalysts is important, and hydrometallurgical extraction is an effective approach. In the present study, a newly designed phosphonium-based ionic liquid (IL) was applied to the separation and recovery of PGMs from an automobile catalyst leach liquor in conjunction with varying pH levels. This IL, trioctyldodecyl phosphonium chloride (P8,8,8,12Cl), allows quantitative extraction of Pd(II) at any HCl concentration, with almost 80% removal of Rh(III) at 1 mol L-1 HCl after two extractions. Significant amounts of Fe(III) were extracted into the IL phase, but could be removed using 1 mol L-1 Na2SO3. The Pd(II) and Rh(III) were selectively recovered from the IL using 1 mol L-1 CS(NH2)2 and 5 mol L-1 HCl, respectively. This work therefore demonstrated the selective recovery of PGMs through optimization of various parameters and shows the significant potential of this IL with regard to recycling PGMs from leach liquor.

AB - The recovery of platinum group metals (PGMs) from automotive exhaust catalysts is important, and hydrometallurgical extraction is an effective approach. In the present study, a newly designed phosphonium-based ionic liquid (IL) was applied to the separation and recovery of PGMs from an automobile catalyst leach liquor in conjunction with varying pH levels. This IL, trioctyldodecyl phosphonium chloride (P8,8,8,12Cl), allows quantitative extraction of Pd(II) at any HCl concentration, with almost 80% removal of Rh(III) at 1 mol L-1 HCl after two extractions. Significant amounts of Fe(III) were extracted into the IL phase, but could be removed using 1 mol L-1 Na2SO3. The Pd(II) and Rh(III) were selectively recovered from the IL using 1 mol L-1 CS(NH2)2 and 5 mol L-1 HCl, respectively. This work therefore demonstrated the selective recovery of PGMs through optimization of various parameters and shows the significant potential of this IL with regard to recycling PGMs from leach liquor.

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