The objectives of this study are to determine whether the 2016 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology/Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization classification criteria for macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) complicating systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) can be used to identify MAS in patients with adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD). Using laboratory data from 76 AOSD patients with and without MAS, we analyzed the ability of the collective and individual constitutive elements of the 2016 MAS in SJIA criteria and additional laboratory measures to discriminate between AOSD patients with (n = 16) and without (n = 60) MAS. Cutoff values to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values were calculated from receiver operating characteristic curves, and modified classification criteria for MAS in AOSD were evaluated. The 2016 MAS in SJIA classification criteria had an overall sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 70.0%, positive predictive value of 47.1%, and negative predictive value of 100% to discriminate between AOSD patients with and without MAS based on laboratory data. Among the individual criteria, the sensitivity of triglycerides (46.7%) and the specificity of ferritin (15.0%) for MAS in AOSD were particularly low. The sensitivity and specificity for classifying MAS in AOSD patients were increased to 100 and 93%, respectively, by excluding triglycerides and changing the cutoff values for other criteria in the 2016 MAS in SJIA classification. The 2016 classification criteria for MAS in SJIA had higher sensitivity but lower specificity to identify MAS in AOSD patients compared with SJIA patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy