Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and subsequent dosage adjustment for individual patients in the treatment with tacrolimus are required after liver transplantation to prevent rejection and over-immunosuppression, which leads to severe infection and adverse reactions including nephrotoxicity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the analytical performance among commercially available immunoassay methods, which were microparticle enzyme immunoassay (MEIA), chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLIA), and affinity column-mediated immunoassay (ACMIA), compared with an assay using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). In addition, the flow injection assay (FIA-MS/MS) was also evaluated to determine whether it could be available as a new method of analysis in tacrolimus therapy. The blood tacrolimus concentrations in samples from liver transplant recipients (n = 102) were measured using MEIA, CLIA, ACMIA, and LC-MS/MS. Additional blood samples from liver transplant recipients (n = 54) were analyzed using both FIA-MS/MS and LC-MS/MS. Because the assay performance and characteristics of MEIA, CLIA, ACMIA, and FIA-MS/MS are relatively different, the measured data should be carefully considered depending on the methodology.
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 4 2014|
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