Background: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been associated with cardiovascular disorders; however, it is unknown whether plasma PTH concentrations are associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods and Results: The present cross-sectional study analyzed baseline data of 3,384 patients registered in the Fukuoka Kidney Disease Registry Study, a Japanese multicenter prospective cohort study of patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD. The outcome was prevalence of AF, and the main risk factor was plasma intact PTH concentration. Associations between plasma intact PTH concentration quartiles (Q1-Q4, from lowest to highest) and the presence of AF were analyzed using logistic regression. In all, 185 patients had AF; 22, 34, 59, and 70 patients were in Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 of PTH concentrations, respectively. The prevalence of AF increased incrementally with increases in plasma intact PTH. In the logistic regression model, patients with higher plasma intact PTH concentrations (Q2-Q4) had higher adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the prevalence of AF relative to the reference group (Q1), namely 1.33 (0.76-2.34), 1.82 ([1.06-3.13), and 1.99 (1.08-3.64), respectively (P=0.016). Conclusions: Higher plasma intact PTH concentrations were significantly and incrementally associated with an increased prevalence of AF in non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients.
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