Background: Constipation is a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is involved in the pathogenesis of dysbiosis and progression of CKD. However, little is known about its association with disorders of the bone–cardiovascular axis in patients with CKD. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 3878 patients with CKD using the baseline dataset of the Fukuoka Kidney disease Registry study, as a multicenter, prospective cohort study of pre-dialysis CKD patients. The main exposure of interest was constipation defined as use of at least one type of laxative. The main outcomes were the histories of bone fractures and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) as manifestations of disorders of the bone–cardiovascular axis. Results: The prevalences of laxative use and histories of bone fractures and CVDs increased as kidney function declined. Among the 3878 patients, 532 (13.7%) patients used laxatives, 235 (6.1%) patients had prior bone fractures, and 1001 (25.8%) patients had prior CVDs. Histories of bone fractures and CVDs were significantly more prevalent among laxative users (P < 0.05). Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that patients with laxatives had a significantly higher odds ratios for histories of bone fractures and CVDs than those without laxatives [adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) 1.67 (1.20–2.31) and 1.70 (1.30–2.22), respectively, P < 0.05]. Conclusions: These results suggest that constipation indicated by laxative use is associated with increased prevalences of historical bone fractures and CVDs in pre-dialysis patients with CKD.
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