Associations of nutrient patterns with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome: Results from the baseline data of the Japan multi-institutional collaborative cohort study

Yuki Iwasaki, Kokichi Arisawa, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Hirokazu Uemura, Mineko Tsukamoto, Yuka Kadomatsu, Rieko Okada, Asahi Hishida, Keitaro Tanaka, Megumi Hara, Toshiro Takezaki, Keiichi Shimatani, Etsuko Ozaki, Teruhide Koyama, Sadao Suzuki, Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda, Kiyonori Kuriki, Naoko Miyagawa, Aya Kadota, Hiroaki IkezakiNorihiro Furusyo, Isao Oze, Hidemi Ito, Haruo Mikami, Yohko Nakamura, Kenji Wakai

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The association between nutrient patterns and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been examined in a Japanese population. A cross-sectional study was performed on 30,108 participants (aged 35-69 years) in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Dietary intake was assessed using a 46-item food frequency questionnaire. MetS was diagnosed according to the Joint Interim Statement Criteria of 2009, using body mass index instead of waist circumference. Factor analysis was applied to energy-adjusted intake of 21 nutrients, and three nutrient patterns were extracted: Factor 1 (fiber, potassium and vitamins pattern); Factor 2 (fats and fat-soluble vitamins pattern); and Factor 3 (saturated fatty acids, calcium and vitamin B2 pattern). In multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age, and other potential confounders, Factor 1 scores were associated with a significantly reduced odds ratio (OR) of MetS and all five components. Factor 2 scores were associated with significantly increased prevalence of MetS, obesity, and high blood pressure. Factor 3 scores were significantly associated with lower OR of MetS, high blood pressure, high serum triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol levels. Analysis of nutrient patterns may be useful to assess the overall quality of diet and its association with MetS.

本文言語英語
論文番号990
ジャーナルNutrients
11
5
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 5 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 食品科学
  • 栄養および糖尿病

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