Objective: The aim was to determine a role of ATP sensitive potassium (KATP) channels in adenosine A2 receptor mediated coronary vasodilatation in anaesthetised dogs in vivo. Methods: Coronary blood flow in the left circumflex coronary artery, aortic pressure, and left ventricular pressure were measured during intracoronary infusions of the drugs into the left circumflex artery. Results: A non-selective A2 receptor agonist NECA (5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine) at 10-10-10-8 mol·min-1 before and after an A, receptor antagonist DPCPX (8-cyclopentyl-l,3-dipropylxanthine) increased coronary blood flow in a dose dependent manner, without affecting other haemodynamic variables. Glibenclamide at 10 μg·kg-1·min-1, which did not alter baseline haemodynamic variables, markedly inhibited the increases in coronary blood flow caused by NECA alone and after DPCPX (p<0.01). A non-selective adenosine receptor antagonist 8-phenyltheophylline abolished the NECA induced increases in coronary blood flow after DPCPX. These results suggest that A2 receptor mediated coronary vasodilatation was mediated largely by opening of KATP channels. Glibenclamide did not alter the increase in coronary blood flow evoked by forskolin or acetylcholine, suggesting that KATP channels may not be involved in coronary vasodilatation induced by activation of adenylate cyclase or guanylate cyclase. Furthermore, DPCPX increased basal coronary blood flow, which was blocked by 8-phenyltheophylline and by glibenclamide, suggesting that it may have unmasked A2 receptor mediated coronary vasodilatation by inhibiting the A1 receptor mediated vasoconstricting action of endogenous adenosine. Conclusions: Opening of KATP channels may be involved importantly in adenosine A2 receptor mediated coronary vasodilatation in canine hearts.Cardiovascular Research 1994:28:906-911.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)