Biallelic VPS35L pathogenic variants cause 3C/Ritscher-Schinzel-like syndrome through dysfunction of retriever complex

Kohji Kato, Yasuyoshi Oka, Hideki Muramatsu, Filipp F. Vasilev, Takanobu Otomo, Hisashi Oishi, Yoshihiko Kawano, Hiroyuki Kidokoro, Yuka Nakazawa, Tomoo Ogi, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Shinji Saitoh

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Background 3C/Ritscher-Schinzel syndrome is characterised by congenital cranio-cerebello-cardiac dysplasia, where CCDC22 and WASHC5 are accepted as the causative genes. In combination with the retromer or retriever complex, these genes play a role in endosomal membrane protein recycling. We aimed to identify the gene abnormality responsible for the pathogenicity in siblings with a 3C/Ritscher-Schinzel-like syndrome, displaying cranio-cerebello-cardiac dysplasia, coloboma, microphthalmia, chondrodysplasia punctata and complicated skeletal malformation. Methods Exome sequencing was performed to identify pathogenic variants. Cellular biological analyses and generation of knockout mice were carried out to elucidate the gene function and pathophysiological significance of the identified variants. Results We identified compound heterozygous pathogenic variants (c.1097dup; p.Cys366Trpfs∗28 and c.2755G>A; p.Ala919Thr) in the VPS35L gene, which encodes a core protein of the retriever complex. The identified missense variant lacked the ability to form the retriever complex, and the frameshift variant induced non-sense-mediated mRNA decay, thereby confirming biallelic loss of function of VPS35L. In addition, VPS35L knockout cells showed decreased autophagic function in nutrient-rich and starvation conditions, as well as following treatment with Torin 1. We also generated Vps35l -/- mice and demonstrated that they were embryonic lethal at an early stage, between E7.5 and E10.5. Conclusions Our results suggest that biallelic loss-of-function variants in VPS35L underlies 3C/Ritscher-Schinzel-like syndrome. Furthermore, VPS35L is necessary for autophagic function and essential for early embryonic development. The data presented here provide a new insight into the critical role of the retriever complex in fetal development.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)245-253
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of medical genetics
57
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 4 1 2020
外部発表Yes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

フィンガープリント Biallelic VPS35L pathogenic variants cause 3C/Ritscher-Schinzel-like syndrome through dysfunction of retriever complex' の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらはともに一意のフィンガープリントを構成します。

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    Kato, K., Oka, Y., Muramatsu, H., Vasilev, F. F., Otomo, T., Oishi, H., Kawano, Y., Kidokoro, H., Nakazawa, Y., Ogi, T., Takahashi, Y., & Saitoh, S. (2020). Biallelic VPS35L pathogenic variants cause 3C/Ritscher-Schinzel-like syndrome through dysfunction of retriever complex. Journal of medical genetics, 57(4), 245-253. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2019-106213