Binding properties between human sweet receptor and sweet-inhibitor, gymnemic acids

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

抄録

Background Gymnemic acids, triterpene glycosides, are known to act as human-specific sweet inhibitors. The long-lasting effect of gymnemic acids is diminished by γ-cyclodextrin. Here, we focus on the molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between gymnemic acids and sweet taste receptor and/or γ-cyclodextrin by a sweet taste receptor assay in transiently transfected HEK293 cells. Highlight Application of gymnemic acids inhibited intracellular calcium responses to sweet compounds in HEK293 cells expressing human TAS1R2+TAS1R3 but not in those expressing the mouse sweet receptor Tas1r2+Tas1r3 after application of gymnemic acids. The effect of gymnemic acids was reduced after rinsing cells with γ-cyclodextrin. Based on species-specific sensitivities to gymnemic acids, we showed that the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3 is involved in the sensitivity to gymnemic acids. Point mutation analysis in the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3 revealed that gymnemic acids shared the same binding pocket with another sweet inhibitor, lactisole. Sensitivity to sweet compounds was also reduced by mixtures of glucuronic acid, a common gymnemic acid. In our molecular models, gymnemic acids interacted with a binding site formed in the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3. Conclusion Gymnemic acids inhibit sweet responses in humans through an interaction between the glucuronosyl group of gymnemic acids and the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3. Our molecular model provides a foundation for the development of taste modifiers.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)127-130
ページ数4
ジャーナルjournal of oral biosciences
59
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 8 1 2017

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Cyclodextrins
Molecular Models
HEK293 Cells
gymnemic acid
Glucuronic Acid
Triterpenes
Glycosides
Point Mutation
Assays
Binding Sites
Cells
Calcium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

これを引用

Binding properties between human sweet receptor and sweet-inhibitor, gymnemic acids. / Sanematsu, Keisuke; Shigemura, Noriatsu; Ninomiya, Yuzo.

:: journal of oral biosciences, 巻 59, 番号 3, 01.08.2017, p. 127-130.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

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abstract = "Background Gymnemic acids, triterpene glycosides, are known to act as human-specific sweet inhibitors. The long-lasting effect of gymnemic acids is diminished by γ-cyclodextrin. Here, we focus on the molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between gymnemic acids and sweet taste receptor and/or γ-cyclodextrin by a sweet taste receptor assay in transiently transfected HEK293 cells. Highlight Application of gymnemic acids inhibited intracellular calcium responses to sweet compounds in HEK293 cells expressing human TAS1R2+TAS1R3 but not in those expressing the mouse sweet receptor Tas1r2+Tas1r3 after application of gymnemic acids. The effect of gymnemic acids was reduced after rinsing cells with γ-cyclodextrin. Based on species-specific sensitivities to gymnemic acids, we showed that the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3 is involved in the sensitivity to gymnemic acids. Point mutation analysis in the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3 revealed that gymnemic acids shared the same binding pocket with another sweet inhibitor, lactisole. Sensitivity to sweet compounds was also reduced by mixtures of glucuronic acid, a common gymnemic acid. In our molecular models, gymnemic acids interacted with a binding site formed in the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3. Conclusion Gymnemic acids inhibit sweet responses in humans through an interaction between the glucuronosyl group of gymnemic acids and the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3. Our molecular model provides a foundation for the development of taste modifiers.",
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N2 - Background Gymnemic acids, triterpene glycosides, are known to act as human-specific sweet inhibitors. The long-lasting effect of gymnemic acids is diminished by γ-cyclodextrin. Here, we focus on the molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between gymnemic acids and sweet taste receptor and/or γ-cyclodextrin by a sweet taste receptor assay in transiently transfected HEK293 cells. Highlight Application of gymnemic acids inhibited intracellular calcium responses to sweet compounds in HEK293 cells expressing human TAS1R2+TAS1R3 but not in those expressing the mouse sweet receptor Tas1r2+Tas1r3 after application of gymnemic acids. The effect of gymnemic acids was reduced after rinsing cells with γ-cyclodextrin. Based on species-specific sensitivities to gymnemic acids, we showed that the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3 is involved in the sensitivity to gymnemic acids. Point mutation analysis in the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3 revealed that gymnemic acids shared the same binding pocket with another sweet inhibitor, lactisole. Sensitivity to sweet compounds was also reduced by mixtures of glucuronic acid, a common gymnemic acid. In our molecular models, gymnemic acids interacted with a binding site formed in the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3. Conclusion Gymnemic acids inhibit sweet responses in humans through an interaction between the glucuronosyl group of gymnemic acids and the transmembrane domain of hTAS1R3. Our molecular model provides a foundation for the development of taste modifiers.

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