Biochemical characterization of maintenance DNA methyltransferase DNMT-1 from silkworm, Bombyx mori

Takumi Mitsudome, Hiroaki Mon, Jian Xu, Zhiqing Li, Jae Man Lee, Anandrao Ashok Patil, Atsushi Masuda, Kazuhiro Iiyama, Daisuke Morokuma, Takahiro Kusakabe

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

19 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mechanism involved in gene expression of vertebrates and invertebrates. In general, DNA methylation profile is established by de novo DNA methyltransferases (DNMT-3A, -3B) and maintainance DNA methyltransferase (DNMT-1). DNMT-1 has a strong substrate preference for hemimethylated DNA over the unmethylated one. Because the silkworm genome lacks an apparent homologue of de novo DNMT, it is still unclear that how silkworm chromosome establishes and maintains its DNA methylation profile. As the first step to unravel this enigma, we purified recombinant BmDNMT-1 using baculovirus expression system and characterized its DNA-binding and DNA methylation activity. We found that the BmDNMT-1 preferentially methylates hemimethylated DNA despite binding to both unmethylated and hemimethylated DNA. Interestingly, BmDNMT-1 formed a complex with DNA in the presence or absence of methyl group donor, S-Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) and the AdoMet-dependent complex formation was facilitated by Zn2+ and Mn2+. Our results provide clear evidence that BmDNMT-1 retained the function as maintenance DNMT but its sensitivity to metal ions is different from mammalian DNMT-1.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)55-65
ページ数11
ジャーナルInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
58
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 昆虫科学

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