A special specimen was discovered in Erdos of China, which grown on Artemisia ordosica. It is identified as Auricularia villosula Malysheva, based on morphological characteristics and polygenic analysis. This is the first time we discovered this species grows on subshrub. Addition, the study of biological characteristics and cultivation has been done for the first time for this species. For the screening of single optimal factor, each of 3 inorganic salt concentration on from 0.5% to 1.596 at 0.5% interval, each of 8 carbon sources and nitrogen sources and each of 10 growth factors were tested for the mycelia growth rate and mycelia growth potential. As a result, the fungus grew better on maltose, sucrose, fructose as the carbon sources; soybean flour, yeast extract, wheat bran as the nitrogen sources; mushrooms, bean sprouts, potatoes as growth factors and 0.5%K+, 0.5%PO4 3-, l%Mg+3. The orthogonal experiments with the above selected three conditions for each of the four factors were then performed and the optimal cultivation conditions were determined. A descending order of the impact for the four factors was growth factors > carbon source > inorganic salt concentration on > nitrogen source and the F-test showed very significant difference among all the four factors. The optimal culture condition for A. villosula was the combination of potato juice plus sucrose, soybean powder and 0.5%PO4 3-. Based on the results of orthogonal, temperatures from 15°C to 35°C at 5°C interval, pH at 4 to 8 at 1 interval, as a result, the fungus grew better on 30°C and pH8. In the domestication experiments of A. villosula, the stages of pre-culture spawn, of manufacturing cultural bags, of spawn running, of inducement to primordium, of fruiting period management, of collected periods were studied. The cultivated fruiting bodies showed the appearance identical to the wild ones under optimal conditions.
|ジャーナル||Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 2 1 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes