Covered self-expandable metal stents (CSEMS) are often used for palliative endoscopic biliary drainage; however, the unobstructed period is limited because of sludge occlusion. The present study aimed to evaluate the biosafety of a novel poly(2-methoxyethyl acrylate)- coated CSEMS (PMEA-CSEMS) for sludge resistance and examine its biosafety in vivo. Using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, we placed the PMEA-CSEMS into six normal porcine bile ducts and conventional CSEMS into three normal porcine bile ducts. We performed serological examination and undecalcified histological analysis at 1, 3, and 6 months during follow-up. In the bile ducts with PMEA-CSEMS or conventional CSEMS, we observed no increase in liver enzyme or inflammatory marker levels in the serological investigations and mild fibrosis but no inflammatory response in the histopathological analyses. Thus, we demonstrated the biosafety of PMEA-CSEMS in vivo.
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